Number of languages spoken and birthplace (broad geographic areas) by age group and sex, for the census usually resident population count, 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses (RC, TA, SA2, DHB)
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Description

Number of languages spoken and birthplace (broad geographic areas) by age group and sex, for the census usually resident population count, 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses (RC, TA, SA2, DHB).

The languages spoken variable is rated as high quality. Languages spoken information by variable has more information eg definitions, and data quality.

The quality rating of a variable provides an overall evaluation of 2018 Census data quality for that single variable, at the highest level of its classification. There is variability in the quality of data at smaller geographies. Data quality may also vary for subpopulations, or when cross tabulated with other variables or at lower levels of the classification.
For more information on quality ratings by variable, please see Data quality ratings for 2018 census variables.

About the 2018 Census dataset

We combined data from the census forms with administrative data to create the 2018 Census dataset, which meets Stats NZ’s quality criteria for population structure information.

We added real data about real people to the dataset where we were confident the people should be counted but hadn’t completed a census form. We also used data from the 2013 Census and administrative sources and statistical imputation methods to fill in some missing characteristics of people and dwellings.

An independent panel of experts has assessed the quality of the 2018 Census dataset. The panel has endorsed Stats NZ’s overall methods and concluded that the use of government administrative records has improved the coverage of key variables such as age, sex, ethnicity, and place. The panel's  Initial report of the 2018 External Data Quality Panel (September 2019) assessed the methodologies used by Stats NZ to produce the final dataset, as well as the quality of some of the key variables.

Its  second report  (December 2019) assessed an additional 31 variables.

In its third report,  Final report of the 2018 Census External Data Quality Panel (February 2020) the panel made 24 recommendations, several relating to preparations for the 2023 Census. Along with this report, the panel, supported by Stats NZ, produced a series of graphs summarising the sources of data for key 2018 Census individual variables,  2018 Census External Data Quality Panel:Data sources for key 2018 Census individual variables.

Confidentiality

The 2018 Census confidentiality rules have been applied to 2006, 2013, and 2018 data. These rules protect the confidentiality of individuals, families, households, dwellings, and undertakings in 2018 Census data. Counts are calculated using fixed random rounding to base 3 (FRR3), and suppression of ‘sensitive’ counts less than six, where tables report multiple geographic variables and/or small populations. Individual figures may not always sum to stated totals.

For more information on the most recent 2018 Census confidentiality rules, see Applying confidentiality rules to 2018 Census data and summary of changes since 2013.

Symbols

  • (c) confidential
  • .. figure not available

Geographic boundaries as at 1 January 2018

See Statistical standard for geographic areas 2018.

NZ.Stat products are unable to process a macron (tohuto). Where a macron (tohuto) for a name has been officially recognised and gazetted by the New Zealand Geographic Board, or determined under the Local Government Act 2002 or the Local Electoral Act 2001, it has not been applied to that geography’s name. The macron is also not able to be used on NZ.Stat titles and notes.

Rounding

The data in this table has had fixed random rounding applied to protect confidentiality. Individual figures may not sum to totals.

Percentages

To calculate percentages, divide the figure for the category of interest by the figure for 'Total people stated' where this applies.

Time series

Due to changes in the 2018 Census methodology and lower than anticipated response rates, time series data should be interpreted with care.

Languages spoken

Language spoken provides information on which languages, and how many, a person can speak or use.

This includes New Zealand Sign Language.

Data quality

Stats NZ data has been produced in accordance with the Official Statistics System principles and protocols for producers of Tier 1 statistics and conforms to the Stats NZ methodological standard for reporting of data quality.

Source

Stats NZ

Number of languages spoken and birthplace (broad geographic areas) by age group and sex, for the census usually resident population count, 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses (RC, TA, SA2, DHB)Abstract

<h4>Description</h4><p>Number of languages spoken and birthplace (broad geographic areas) by age group and sex, for the census usually resident population count, 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses (RC, TA, SA2, DHB). <p>The languages spoken variable is rated as high quality. <a href="http://datainfoplus.stats.govt.nz/Item/nz.govt.stats/adaf4f53-c4ea-408c-aaf1-f32614dd9845" target="blank">Languages spoken information by variable</a> has more information eg definitions, and data quality.</p></p><p><p>The quality rating of a variable provides an overall evaluation of 2018 Census data quality for that single variable, at the highest level of its classification. There is variability in the quality of data at smaller geographies. Data quality may also vary for subpopulations, or when cross tabulated with other variables or at lower levels of the classification.<br /> For more information on quality ratings by variable, please see <a href="https://www.stats.govt.nz/methods/data-quality-ratings-for-2018-census-variables" target="blank">Data quality ratings for 2018 census variables</a>.</p></p><h4>About the 2018 Census dataset</h4><p>We combined data from the census forms with administrative data to create the 2018 Census dataset, which meets Stats NZ’s quality criteria for population structure information.</p><p>We added real data about real people to the dataset where we were confident the people should be counted but hadn’t completed a census form. We also used data from the 2013 Census and administrative sources and statistical imputation methods to fill in some missing characteristics of people and dwellings.</p> </p><p><p>An independent panel of experts has assessed the quality of the 2018 Census dataset. The panel has endorsed Stats NZ’s overall methods and concluded that the use of government administrative records has improved the coverage of key variables such as age, sex, ethnicity, and place. The panel's <a href="https://www.stats.govt.nz/reports/initial-report-of-the-2018-census-external-data-quality-panel" target="_blank">&nbsp;Initial report of the 2018 External Data Quality Panel</a> (September 2019) assessed the methodologies used by Stats NZ to produce the final dataset, as well as the quality of some of the key variables.</p></p><p>Its <a href="https://www.stats.govt.nz/reports/2018-census-external-data-quality-panel-assessment-of-variables" target="_blank">&nbsp;second report&nbsp;</a> (December 2019) assessed an additional 31 variables.</p></p><p>In its third report, <a href="https://www.stats.govt.nz/reports/final-report-of-the-2018-census-external-data-quality-panel" target="_blank">&nbsp;Final report of the 2018 Census External Data Quality Panel</a> (February 2020) the panel made 24 recommendations, several relating to preparations for the 2023 Census. Along with this report, the panel, supported by Stats NZ, produced a series of graphs summarising the sources of data for key 2018 Census individual variables, <a href="https://www.stats.govt.nz/reports/2018-census-external-data-quality-panel-data-sources-for-key-2018-census-individual-variables" target="_blank">&nbsp;2018 Census External Data Quality Panel:Data sources for key 2018 Census individual variables.</a></p></p><h4>Confidentiality</h4><p><p>The 2018 Census confidentiality rules have been applied to 2006, 2013, and 2018 data. These rules protect the confidentiality of individuals, families, households, dwellings, and undertakings in 2018 Census data. Counts are calculated using fixed random rounding to base 3 (FRR3), and suppression of &lsquo;sensitive&rsquo; counts less than six, where tables report multiple geographic variables and/or small populations. Individual figures may not always sum to stated totals.</p></p><p><p>For more information on the most recent 2018 Census confidentiality rules, see <a href="https://www.stats.govt.nz/methods/applying-confidentiality-rules-to-2018-census-data-and-summary-of-changes-since-2013" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> Applying confidentiality rules to 2018 Census data and summary of changes since 2013</a>.</p></p><h4>Symbols</h4><p><ul></p><p><li>(c) confidential</li></p><p><li>.. figure not available</li></p><p></ul></p><h4>Geographic boundaries as at 1 January 2018</h4><p><p>See <a href="http://archive.stats.govt.nz/methods/classifications-and-standards/classification-related-stats-standards/geographic-areas.aspx" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> Statistical standard for geographic areas 2018. </a></p></p><p><p>NZ.Stat products are unable to process a macron (tohuto). Where a macron (tohuto) for a name has been officially recognised and gazetted by the New Zealand Geographic Board, or determined under the Local Government Act 2002 or the Local Electoral Act 2001, it has not been applied to that geography&rsquo;s name.&nbsp;The macron is also not able to be used on NZ.Stat titles and notes.</p></p><h4>Rounding</h4><p><p>The data in this table has had fixed random rounding applied to protect confidentiality. Individual figures may not sum to totals.</p></p><h4>Percentages</h4><p><p>To calculate percentages, divide the figure for the category of interest by the figure for 'Total people stated' where this applies.</p></p><h4>Time series</h4><p><p>Due to changes in the 2018 Census methodology and lower than anticipated response rates, time series data should be interpreted with care.</p></p><h4>Languages spoken</h4><p><p>Language spoken provides information on which languages, and how many, a person can speak or use.</p><p>This includes New Zealand Sign Language.</p><h4>Data quality</h4><p><p>Stats NZ data has been produced in accordance with the Official Statistics System principles and protocols for producers of Tier 1 statistics and conforms to the Stats NZ methodological standard for reporting of data quality.</p></p><h4>Source</h4><p><p>Stats NZ</p></p>

Contact person/organisation

<a href="http://www.stats.govt.nz">Statistics New Zealand</a>